Headaches happen quite often after surgery. It is possible to get a severe headache after having an epidural. This is because the needle used to place the epidural inadvertently punctured the bag of fluid that bathes the spinal cord. A small amount of fluid leaks out, causing a headache. You will be aware of a severe headache that is worse if you sit up and relieved by lying flat. The staff looking after you should alert the anaesthetic team immediately. You may need specific treatment for the headache. For more information, please see Headache after an Epidural or Spinal Anaesthetic .
In both younger and older patients, vertebral fractures take weeks to heal with rest and pain relievers. Compression fractures of vertebrae associated with osteoporosis can also be treated with a procedure called vertebroplasty or kyphoplasty, which can help to reduce pain. In this procedure, a balloon is inflated in the compressed vertebra, often returning some of its lost height. Subsequently, a "cement" (methymethacrylate) is injected into the balloon and remains to retain the structure and height of the body of the vertebra. Pain is relieved as the height of the collapsed vertebra is restored.